The CSS Neuse was one of 26 ironclads commissioned by the Confederate navy. Having a wide, flat bottom, the vessel resembled a river barge. When completed, the twin-screw steamer was plated with iron armor and measured 158 feet long and 34 feet wide. Delays in construction, low water, and lack of ground support prevented the gunboat from entering combat outside of Kinston. When Union troops occupied Kinston in March 1865, the Neuse was burned by its crew, resulting in a large explosion in her port bow, which sank the vessel.
The muddy waters of the Neuse River preserved the gunboat for nearly 100 years. Private efforts to recover the ship began in 1961; but poor weather, lack of funds, and ownership controversies prevented the ship from being raised until 1963. A year later the hull was transported nearly 5 miles to the Caswell Memorial site at 2612 West Vernon Avenue.
Amazingly, nearly 15,000 artifacts were recovered from the ship. The Neuse collection, one of the largest for a Confederate naval vessel, provides valuable insight into 19th-century shipbuilding and naval warfare.
On June 23, 2012, the Neuse hull was moved in three sections from the West Vernon Avenue location, and reassembled at the fully-enclosed C.S.S. Neuse Civil War Interpretive Center at 100 North Queen Street. The Center opened to the public on July 18, 2013, and remains available for tours while permanent exhibits are developed. A grand opening of the facility is scheduled for summer or fall of 2014.
CSS Neuse: A Question of Iron and Time
by Leslie S. Bright, William H. Rowland, and James C. Bardon (NCDAH, 1981). 165 pp.; Plans and Drawings.
Kinston, Whitehall, and Goldsboro Expedition: December 1862
Printed by W. W. Howe, New York, 1890. 104 pp.
History of the Forty-Fifth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, First Division Eighteenth Army Corps, Department of North Carolina
by Albert W. Mann. n.p., 1908. 565 pp.
Richard H. Bacot Papers
Division of Archives and History, Raleigh, N.C.
(Bacot served aboard the Neuse)