Organization of Confederate Forces

Department of North Carolina, Third Military District
(District of the Cape Fear), Gen. Braxton Bragg, commanding

First Defense of Fort Fisher
December 24-27, 1864

DEFENDERS OF FORT FISHER
Maj. Gen. William Henry Chase Whiting
observer, adviser, combatant

Artillery Insignia

Col. William Lamb
36th North Carolina Regiment (2nd Artillery), commanding

1st Battalion North Carolina Heavy Artillery
Co. D, Capt. James L. McCormic

1st Battalion North Carolina Junior Reserves
Cos. A, B, C, Maj. D. T. Millard

3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery
Co. C (Sutton's Battery), Capt. John M. Sutton

4th Battalion North Carolina Junior Reserves
Cos. A, B, C, D, Maj. John M. Reece

7th Battalion North Carolina Junior Reserves
Cos. A, B, C, Maj. William F. French

8th Battalion North Carolina Junior Reserves
Cos. A, B, C, Maj. James Ellington

10th North Carolina (1st North Carolina Artillery)
Maj. James Reilly, commanding
Co. F, Capt. Edward D. Walsh
Co. K (Shaw's Company), Capt. William Shaw, Jr.

13th Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery
Co. D, Capt. Zachariah T. Adams

36th North Carolina Regiment (2nd Artillery)
Col. William Lamb, commanding
3rd Co. B (Bladen Stars), Capt. Daniel Munn
Co. E (Powell's Artillery), Capt. Oliver Powell
Co. F (Hunter's Company), Capt. Samuel B. Hunter
Co. H (Clarendon Guards), Capt. Daniel Patterson
Co. K (Brunswick Artillery), Capt. William Brooks

40th North Carolina Regiment (3rd Artillery)
Co. E (Scotch Greys), Capt. Malcomb McBride
2nd Co. K (Bladen Artillery Guards),
Capt. Daniel James Clark

Detachment of C. S. Navy
Lt. Robert T. Chapman

Detachment of C. S. Marines
Capt. A. C. Van Benthuysen

TROOPS STATIONED AT WILMINGTON
Lt. Gen. Theophilus Hunter Holmes,
post commandant

Infantry Insignia

6th Battalion North Carolina Troops
(Fayetteville Armory Guards)
Cos. A, B, C, D, E, F, G, Lt. Col. F. L. Childs

Hahr's Battalion North Carolina Infantry
Maj. Franz J. Hahr

Capt. Henry P. Allen's Company
North Carolina Local Defense Troops

Bass's (unattached) Company

Capt. E. D. Sneed's Company
North Carolina Local Defense Troops

Detachment of C. S. Engineers and Coast Guard

DEFENDERS OF THE SUGAR LOAF LINE
Hoke's Division
(From the Army of Northern Virginia)
Maj. Gen. Robert Frederick Hoke

Infantry Insignia

Hagood's Brigade
Brig. Gen. Johnson Hagood
7th South Carolina Battalion, Lt. Col. James H. Rion
11th South Carolina, Col. F. Hay Gantt
21st South Carolina, Col. Robert F. Graham
25th South Carolina, Capt. James Carson
27th South Carolina

Kirkland's Brigade
Brig. Gen. William W. Kirkland
17th North Carolina, Lt. Col. Thomas Sharp
42nd North Carolina, Col. John E. Brown
66th North Carolina, Col. John H. Nethercutt

Artillery Insignia

Artillery
10th North Carolina Regiment
(1st North Carolina Artillery)
Lt. Col. John P. W. Read, commanding (W)

2nd Co. I (Southerland's Battery)
Capt. Thomas J. Southerland

Staunton Hill Artillery (Paris's Battery)
Capt. Andrew B. Paris

Connally's Brigade of North Carolina Reserves (224)
Col. John K. Connally
4th Battalion North Carolina Junior Reserves
Cos. A, B, C, D, Maj. John M. Reece
7th Battalion North Carolina Junior Reserves
Cos. A B, C, Maj. William F. French
8th Battalion North Carolina Junior Reserves
Cos. A, B, C, Maj. James Ellington
8th North Carolina Senior Reserves Cos. B, C, D, E, F,
Col. Allmond McKoy

TROOPS STATIONED AT FORT ANDERSON
40th North Carolina Regiment (3rd Artillery)
Co. A (Lenoir Braves), Capt. Ancram W. Ezzell

Artillery Insignia

TROOPS STATIONED AT FORT PENDER, SMITHVILLE
3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery
Co. A (Northampton Artillery), Capt. Andrew J. Ellis

Artillery Insignia

TROOPS STATIONED AT FORT CASWELL,
OAK ISLAND

36th North Carolina Regiment (2nd Artillery)
Lt. Col. John Douglas Taylor, commanding

Artillery Insignia

1st Battalion North Carolina Heavy Artillery
Co. A (Clark Artillery), Capt. Robert G. Rankin
Co. C (Brown's Battalion), Capt. William H. Brown
Capt. Abner A. Moseley's Company (Sampson Artillery)

TROOPS STATIONED AT FORT CAMPBELL,
OAK ISLAND

Col. John J. Hedrick, commanding

Artillery Insignia

1st Battalion North Carolina Heavy Artillery
Co. B (River Guards), Capt. John W. Taylor
40th North Carolina Regiment (3rd Artillery)
Co. F, Capt. John C. Robertson

Top

Second Defense of Fort Fisher
January 13-15, 1865

DEFENDERS OF FORT FISHER
Maj. Gen. William Henry Chase Whiting,
adviser and volunteer combatant

Artillery Insignia

Col. William Lamb
36th North Carolina Regiment (2nd Artillery), commanding

1st Battalion North Carolina Heavy Artillery
Co. D, Capt. James L. McCormic

3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery
Co. C (Sutton's Battery), Capt. John M. Sutton

10th North Carolina Regiment (1st Artillery)
Maj. James Reilly, commanding
Co. F, Capt. Edward D. Walsh
Co. K (Shaw's Battery), Capt. William Shaw, Jr.

13th Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery
Co. D, Capt. Zachariah T. Adams

36th North Carolina Regiment (2nd Artillery)
Col. William Lamb, commanding
2nd Co. A (Murphy's Battery), Capt. Robert Murphy
3rd Co. B (Bladen Stars), Capt. Daniel Munn
2nd Co. C (Braddy's Battery), Capt. Kinchen Braddy
2nd Co. D (Anderson Artillery), Capt. Edward Dudley
Co. E (Powell's Artillery), Capt. Oliver Powell
Co. F (Hunter's Company), Acting Capt. Exum Lewis Hunter
3rd Co. G (Russell's Battery), Lt. William Swain
Co. H (Clarendon Guards), Capt. Daniel Patterson
2nd Co. I (Bladen Artillery), Capt. John T. Melvin
Co. K (Brunswick Artillery), Capt. William Brooks

40th North Carolina Regiment (3rd Artillery)
Co. D (Bay River Artillery), Capt. James Lane
Co. E (Scotch Greys), Capt. Malcomb H. McBryde
3rd Co. G, Capt. George Buchan
2nd Co. K (Bladen Artillery Guards), Capt. Daniel James Clark

Detachment of C. S. Navy
Capt. Robert T. Chapman

Detachment of C. S. Marines
Capt. A. C. Van Benthuysen

Infantry Insignia

Hagood's Brigade
11th South Carolina (detachment)
21st South Carolina (detachment), Capt. D. G. DuBose
25th South Carolina (detachment), Capt. James Carson

DEFENDERS OF THE SUGAR LOAF LINE
Hoke's Division
(From the Army of Northern Virginia)
Maj. Gen. Robert F. Hoke

Infantry Insignia

Clingman's Brigade
Col. Hector McKethan
8th North Carolina, Lt. Col. Rufus A. Barrier
31st North Carolina, Lt. Col. Charles Knight
51st North Carolina, Capt. James W. Lippitt
61st North Carolina, Col. William S. Devane

Colquitt's Brigade
Brig. Gen. Alfred H. Colquitt
6th Georgia, Col. John T. Lofton
19th Georgia, Col. James H. Neal
23rd Georgia, Col. Marcus R. Ballenger
27th Georgia, Capt. Elisha D. Graham
28th Georgia, Capt. John A. Johnson

Hagood's Brigade
Col. Robert F. Graham
7th South Carolina Battalion, Lt. Col. James H. Rion
11th South Carolina, Col. F. Hay Gantt
21st South Carolina
25th South Carolina
27th South Carolina

Kirkland's Brigade
Brig. Gen. William W. Kirkland
17th North Carolina, Lt. Col. Thomas H. Sharp
42nd North Carolina, Col. John E. Brown
66th North Carolina, Col. John H. Nethercutt

Cavalry Insignia

Cavalry
2nd South Carolina,
Col. Thomas J. Lipscomb

Artillery Insignia

Artillery
3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery
Co. A (Northampton Artillery), Capt. Andrew J. Ellis

10th North Carolina Regiment (1st Artillery)
2nd Co. I (Southerland's Battery), Capt. Thomas Southerland

Staunton Hill Artillery (Paris's Battery),
Capt. Andrew B. Paris

Top

Defense of Wilmington
February 11-22, 1865

DEFENDERS OF THE SUGAR LOAF LINE
Hoke's Division
(From the Army of Northern Virginia)
Maj. Gen. Robert F. Hoke

Infantry Insignia

Clingman's Brigade
Col. William S. Devane
8th North Carolina, Lt. Col. Rufus A. Barrier
31st North Carolina, Lt. Col. Charles W. Knight
51st North Carolina, Capt. James W. Lippit
61st North Carolina

Colquitt's Brigade
Col. Charles T. Zachry
6th Georgia, Lt. Col. Sampson W. Harris
19th Georgia, Col. James H. Neal
23rd Georgia, Col. Marcus R. Ballenger
27th Georgia, Capt. Elisha D. Graham ?
28th Georgia, Capt. John A. Johnson ?

Kirkland's Brigade
Brig. Gen. William W. Kirkland
17th North Carolina, Lt. Col. Thomas H. Sharp
42nd North Carolina, Col. John E. Brown
66th North Carolina, Col. John E. Nethercutt

Artillery Insignia

Artillery
3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery
Co. A (Northampton Artillery), Capt. Andrew J. Ellis
Co. C (detachment), Lt. Alfred M. Darden

10th North Carolina Regiment (1st Artillery)

2nd Co. I (Southerland's Battery),
Capt. Thomas J. Southerland

Staunton Hill Battery (Paris' Battery),
Capt. Andrew B. Paris

Cavalry Insignia

Cavalry
2nd South Carolina Cavalry (detachment)
Col. Thomas J. Lipscomb

DEFENDERS OF FORT ANDERSON
Hagood's Brigade
(Detached from Hoke's Division)
Brig. Gen. Johnson Hagood

Infantry Insignia

7th South Carolina Battalion, Lt. Col. James H. Rion
11th South Carolina, Col. F. Hay Gantt
21st South Carolina (remnants), Col. Robert F. Graham
25th South Carolina (remnants), Col. Charles H. Simonton
27th South Carolina, Capt. Allston

Artillery Insignia

Artillery
3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery
Co. B, Capt. William Badham, Jr.
Capt. Abner A. Moseley's Company (Sampson Artillery)

Hedrick's Brigade
Col. John J. Hedrick
40th North Carolina Regiment (3rd Artillery)
Maj. William Holland, commanding

Co. A (Lenoir Braves), Capt. Ancram W. Ezzell
Co. B (McMillan Artillery), Lt. Macon Bonner, Lt. Selby Harden
Co. C (Bridger's Artillery), Capt. John E. Leggett
Co. F, Capt. John Robertson
2nd Co. H (Barnes' Battery), Capt. Calvin Barnes
Co. I, Capt. Charles C. Whitehurst

Taylor's Battery
Lt. Col. John Douglas Taylor
36th North Carolina Regiment (2nd Artillery), remnants

1st Battalion North Carolina Heavy Artillery
Co. A (Clark Artillery), Capt. Robert G. Rankin
Co. B (River Guards), Capt. John W. Taylor
Co. C (Brown's Battalion), Capt. William H. Brown
Co. D (remnants), Lt. John T. Rankin

71st North Carolina Regiment (2nd North Carolina Junior Reserves) Co. B

Capt. W. J. McDougald's Unattached Company North Carolina Troops

Coast Guard Company (unattached)

Cavalry Insignia

Cavalry
2nd South Carolina Cavalry (detachment)
Col. Thomas J. Lipscomb

TROOPS STATIONED AT WILMINGTON
Col. George Jackson, post commandant

Infantry Insignia

Armory Guards
Co. B, Capt. Armand L. DeRosset

7th Regiment Home Guard
Cos. A, B, Col. James G. Burr

8th North Carolina Senior Reserves
Col. Allmand M. McKoy

Engineers
2nd Engineers Co. A, Capt. John C. Winder

Signal Corps
Lt. George C. Bain

Artillery Insignia

Cape Fear River Batteries
(Forts Davis, Lee, Campbell, Meares)
Col. Peter C. Gaillard, commanding

13th Battalion North Carolina Light / Heavy Artillery
Co. D (Adams's Battery), Lt. Samuel H. Forbes ?

68th North Carolina, Co. C (detachment)

McDougald's Company (detachment)
Capt. W. J. McDougald

Naval Detachment

Top

Sources

Fonvielle, Chris E. Last Rays of Departing Hope: The Wilmington Campaign. Campbell, Cal.: Savas, 1997. (Available in paperback from Stackpole Books of Pennsylvania).

Moore, Mark A. The Wilmington Campaign and the Battles for Fort Fisher. Da Capo Press, 1999.


Return to top of page

Return to the Fort Fisher home page