The Opposing Forces in the Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina¹

Combined Losses ²

Federal = 1,527; Confederate = 2,606; Total = 4,133


Organization of Union Forces

Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, Commanding

William T. Sherman

Headquarters Guard

7th Company, Ohio Sharpshooters

Engineers and Mechanics

1st Michigan
1st Missouri (five companies)

Right Wing

Army of the Tennessee
Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard
(Total Casualties: 383)

Escort

15th Illinois Calvary
Pontoon Train Guard
14th Wisconsin (Company E)

Fifteenth Army Corps

Maj. Gen. John A. Logan (Casualties: 190)

XV Army Corps

First Division (119)

Bvt. Maj. Gen. Charles R. Woods

First Brigade (23)

Bvt. Brig. Gen. William B. Woods
12th Indiana
26th Iowa
27th Missouri
31st/32nd Missouri (six companies)
76th Ohio

Second Brigade (33)

Col. Robert F. Catterson
26th Illinois
40th Illinois
103rd Illinois
97th Indiana
100th Indiana
6th Iowa
46th Ohio

Third Brigade (63)

Col. George A. Stone
4th Iowa
9th Iowa
25th Iowa
30th Iowa
31st Iowa

Second Division (34)

Maj. Gen. William B. Hazen

First Brigade (22)

Col. Theodore Jones
55th Illinois
116th Illinois
127th Illinois
6th Missouri (Cos. A and B, 8th Missouri attached)
30th Ohio
57th Ohio

Second Brigade (11)

Col. Wells S. Jones
111th Illinois
83rd Indiana
37th Ohio
47th Ohio
53rd Ohio
54th Ohio

Third Brigade (1)

Brig. Gen. John M. Oliver
48th Illinois
90th Illinois
99th Indiana
15th Michigan
70th Ohio

Third Division (In Reserve)

Bvt. Maj. Gen. John E. Smith

First Brigade(0)

Brig. Gen. William T. Clark
63rd Illinois
93rd Illinois (with detachment non-veterans of 18th Wisconsin)
48th Indiana
59th Indiana
4th Minnesota

Second Brigade (0)

Col. Clark R. Wever
56th Illinois
10th Iowa
17th Iowa (one company)
26th Missouri (two companies, and detachment 10th Missouri)
80th Iowa

Fourth Division (32)

Bvt. Maj. Gen. John M. Corse

First Brigade (1)

Brig. Gen. Elliott W. Rice
52nd Illinois
66th Indiana
2nd Iowa
7th Iowa

Second Brigade (9)

Col. Robert N. Adams
12th Illinois
66th Illinois
81st Ohio

Third Brigade (22)

Col. Frederick J. Hurlbut
7th Illinois
50th Illinois
57th Illinois
39th Iowa

Unassigned (Not Engaged)

110th United States Colored Troops

Artillery (5)

Lt. Col. William H. Ross
1st Illinois Light, Battery H (DeGress's)
1st Michigan Light, Battery B (Wright's)
1st Missouri Light, Battery H (Callahan's)
12th Wisconsin Battery (Zickerick's)

Unassigned (0)

29th Missouri (Mounted)

Seventeenth Army Corps

Maj. Gen. Frank P. Blair Jr.
(Casualties: 193)

XVII Army Corps

Escort

11th Illinois Cavalry (Company G)

First Division (150)

Maj. Gen. Joseph A. Mower

First Brigade (54)

Brig. Gen. John W. Fuller
64th Illinois
18th Missouri
27th Ohio
39th Ohio

Second Brigade (1)

Col. Milton Montgomery
35th New Jersey
43rd Ohio
63rd Ohio
25th Wisconsin

Third Brigade (95)

Col. John Tillson
10th Illinois
25th Indiana
32nd Wisconsin

Third Division

Brig. Gen. Manning F. Force (13)

Provost Guard

20th Illinois

First Brigade (?)

Col. Cassius Fairchild
30th Illinois
31st Illinois
45th Illinois
12th Wisconsin
16th Wisconsin

Second Brigade (?)

Col. Greenberry F. Wiles
20th Ohio
68th Ohio
78th Ohio
17th Wisconsin

Fourth Division (30)

Bvt. Maj. Gen. Giles A. Smith

First Brigade (4)

Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Potts
14th/15th Illinois (battalion)
53rd Illinois
23rd Indiana
53rd Indiana
32nd Ohio

Third Brigade (26)

Brig. Gen. William W. Belknap
32nd Illinois
11th Iowa
13th Iowa
15th Iowa
16th Iowa

Artillery (0)

Maj. Allen C. Waterhouse
1st Michigan Light, Battery C
1st Minnesota Battery
15th Ohio Battery

Unassigned (0)

9th Illinois (mounted)

Left Wing

Army of Georgia

(Late Army of the Cumberland)
Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum
(Total Casualties: 1,144)

Pontoniers

58th Indiana

Fourteenth Army Corps

Bvt. Maj. Gen. Jefferson C. Davis
(Casualties: 886)

XIV Army Corps

First Division (453)

Brig. Gen. William P. Carlin

First Brigade (159)

Bvt. Brig. Gen. Harrison C. Hobart
104th Illinois
88th Indiana
33rd Ohio
94th Ohio
21st Wisconsin
42nd Indiana

Second Brigade (205)

Bvt. Brig. Gen. George P. Buell
13th Michigan
21st Michigan
69th Ohio

Third Brigade (89)

Lt. Col. David Miles (W)
Lt. Col. Arnold McMahan
38th Indiana
21st Ohio
74th Ohio
79th Pennsylvania

Second Division

(410, incl. 2 of Morgan's Staff)
Brig. Gen. James D. Morgan

Provost Guard

110th Illinois (Company B; Company A, 24th Illinois attached)

First Brigade (149)

Brig. Gen. William Vandever
16th Illinois
60th Illinois
10th Michigan
14th Michigan
17th New York

Second Brigade (160)

Brig. Gen. John G. Mitchell
34th Illinois
78th Illinois
98th Ohio
108th Ohio
113th Ohio
121st Ohio

Third Brigade (99)

Bvt. Brig. Gen. Benjamin D. Fearing (W)
Lt. Col. James W. Langley
86th Illinois
125th Illinois
22nd Indiana
37th Indiana (one company)
52nd Ohio
85th Illinois

Third Division (9)

Bvt. Maj. Gen. Absalom Baird

First Brigade (7)

Col. Morton C. Hunter
82nd Indiana
23rd Missouri (four companies)
17th Ohio
31st Ohio
89th Ohio
92nd Ohio (11th Ohio attached)

Second Brigade (2)

Lt. Col. Thomas Doan
75th Indiana
87th Indiana
101st Indiana
2nd Minnesota
105th Ohio

Third Brigade (Not Engaged)

Col. George P. Este
74th Indiana
18th Kentucky
14th Ohio
38th Ohio

Artillery (14)

Maj. Charles Houghtaling
1st Illinois Light, Battery C (Scovel's)
2nd Illinois Light, Battery I (Rich's)
19th Indiana Battery (Webb's)
5th Wisconsin Battery (McKnight's)

Twentieth Army Corps

Bvt. Maj. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams
(Casualties: 258)

XX Army Corps

First Division (117)

Brig. Gen. Nathaniel J. Jackson

First Brigade (3)

Col. James L. Selfridge
5th Connecticut
123rd New York
141st New York
46th Pennsylvania

Second Brigade (7)

Col. William Hawley
2nd Massachusetts
13th New Jersey
107th New York
150th New York
3rd Wisconsin

Third Brigade (107)

Brig. Gen. James S. Robinson
82nd Illinois
101st Illinois
143rd New York
82nd Ohio
61st Ohio
31st Wisconsin

Second Division (Not Engaged)

Bvt. Maj. Gen. John W. Geary

First Brigade

Bvt. Brig. Gen. Ario Pardee Jr.
5th Ohio
29th Ohio
66th Ohio
28th Pennsylvania
147th Pennsylvania

Second Brigade

Col. George W. Mindil
33rd New Jersey
73rd Pennsylvania
109th Pennsylvania
119th New York
134th New York
154th New York

Third Brigade

Bvt. Brig. Gen. Henry A. Barnum
60th New York
29th Pennsylvania
102nd New York
137th New York
149th New York
111th Pennsylvania

Third Division (139)

Bvt. Maj. Gen. William T. Ward

First Brigade (2)

Col. Henry Case
70th Indiana
79th Ohio
102nd Illinois
105th Illinois
129th Illinois

Second Brigade (0)

Col. Daniel Dustin
33rd Indiana
85th Indiana
19th Michigan
22nd Wisconsin

Third Brigade (137)

Bvt. Brig. Gen. William Cogswell
20th Connecticut
33rd Massachusetts
55th Ohio
73rd Ohio
26th Wisconsin
136th New York

Artillery (2)

Maj. John A. Reynolds
1st New York Light, Battery I (Winegar's)
1st New York Light, Battery M (Newkirk's)
1st Ohio Light, Battery C (Stephens's)
Pennsylvania Light, Battery E (Sloan's)

Cavalry

Third Division (Not Engaged)

Bvt. Maj. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick

First Brigade

Col. Thomas J. Jordan
3rd Indiana (battalion)
8th Indiana
2nd Kentucky
3rd Kentucky
9th Pennsylvania

Second Brigade

Bvt. Brig. Gen. Smith D. Atkins
92nd Illinois (mounted)
10th Ohio
9th Ohio
9th Michigan
McLaughlin's Squadron (Ohio)

Third Brigade

Col. George E. Spencer
1st Alabama
5th Kentucky
5th Ohio

Fourth Brigade (provisional)

Lt. Col. William B. Way
1st Regiment
2nd Regiment
3rd Regiment

Artillery

10th Wisconsin Battery (Beebe's)


Organization of Confederate Forces ³

Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, Commanding

Joseph E. Johnston

Army of Tennessee

Lt. Gen. Alexander P. Stewart
(Total Casualties: 1,227)

Lee's Corps (761)

Maj. Gen. D. H. Hill

Stevenson's Division

Maj. Gen. Carter L. Stevenson (336)

Palmer's Brigade

Brig. Gen. Joseph B. Palmer
3rd Tennessee
18th Tennessee
26th Tennessee
32nd Tennessee
45th Tennessee
46th Tennessee
58th North Carolina
60th North Carolina
54th Virginia
63rd Virginia
23rd Tennessee Battalion

Pettus's Brigade

Brig. Gen. Edmund W. Pettus (W)
20th Alabama
23rd Alabama
30th Alabama
31st Alabama
46th Alabama

Cumming's Brigade

(Arrived on the battlefield March 20)
Col. Robert J. Henderson
34th Georgia
36th Georgia
39th Georgia
56th Georgia

Clayton's Division (290)

Maj. Gen. Henry D. Clayton

Stovall's Brigade

Col. Henry C. Kellogg
40th Georgia
41st Georgia
42nd Georgia
43rd Georgia
52nd Georgia

Jackson's Brigade

Lt. Col. Osceola Kyle
25th Georgia
29th Georgia
30th Georgia
66th Georgia
1st Confederate
1st Battalion Georgia Sharpshooters

Baker's Brigade

Brig. Gen. Alpheus Baker
37th Alabama
40th Alabama
42nd Alabama
54th Alabama

Hill's Division (105)

Col. John G. Coltart

Deas's Brigade

Col. Harry T. Toulmin
19th Alabama
22nd Alabama
25th Alabama
39th Alabama
50th Alabama

Manigault's Brigade

Lt. Col. John C. Carter
24th Alabama
34th Alabama
10th South Carolina
19th South Carolina

Stewart's Corps (223)

Maj. Gen. William W. Loring

Loring's Division (153)

Col. James Jackson

Adams's Brigade

Lt. Col. Robert J. Lawrence
6th Mississippi
14th Mississippi
15th Mississippi
20th Mississippi
23rd Mississippi
43rd Mississippi

Scott's Brigade

Capt. John A. Dixon
27th Alabama
35th Alabama
49th Alabama
55th Alabama
57th Alabama
12th Louisiana

Featherston's Brigade

Maj. Martin A. Oatis
1st Mississippi Battalion
1st Mississippi
3rd Mississippi
22nd Mississippi
31st Mississippi
33rd Mississippi
40th Mississippi

Walthall's Division (70)

Maj. Gen. Edward C. Walthall

Reynolds's Brigade

Brig. Gen. Daniel H. Reynolds (W)
Col. Henry C. Bunn (W)
Lt. Col. Morton G. Galloway
4th Arkansas
9th Arkansas
25th Arkansas
1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles (dismounted)
2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles (dismounted)

Quarles's Brigade

Brig. Gen. George D. Johnston
1st Alabama
17th Alabama
29th Alabama
42nd Tennessee
48th Tennessee
49th Tennessee
53rd Tennessee
55th Tennessee

Cheatham's Corps (243)
Maj. Gen. William B. Bate

Cleburne's Division (112)

Brig. Gen. James A. Smith

Govan's Brigade

Col. Peter V. Green
1st Arkansas
2nd Arkansas
5th Arkansas
6th Arkansas
7th Arkansas
8th Arkansas
13th Arkansas
15th Arkansas
19th Arkansas
24th Arkansas
3rd Confederate

Smith's Brigade

Capt. J. R. Bonner
1st Georgia (Volunteers)
54th Georgia
57th Georgia
63rd Georgia

Granbury's Brigade

(Arrived on the battlefield March 20)
Maj. William A. Ryan
35th Tennessee
6th Texas
7th Texas
10th Texas
15th Texas
17th Texas
18th Texas
24th Texas
25th Texas
5th Confederate

Lowrey's Brigade

(Arrived on the battlefield March 21)
Lt. Col. John F. Smith
3rd Mississippi
8th Mississippi
16th Alabama
32nd Mississippi

Bate's Division (131)

Col. D. L. Kenan (W)

Tyler's Brigade

Maj. W. H. Wilkinson (K)
2nd Tennessee
10th Tennessee
15th Tennessee
20th Tennessee
30th Tennessee
37th Tennessee
37th Georgia
4th Georgia Battalion Sharpshooters

Finley's Brigade

Lt. Col. Eli Washburn
1st Florida
3rd Florida
4th Florida
6th Florida
7th Florida
1st Florida Cavalry (dismounted)

Brown's Division (Not Reported)

(Arrived on the battlefield March 21)
Brig. Gen. Roswell S. Ripley

Gist's Brigade

Col. Hume R. Field
16th South Carolina
24th South Carolina
46th Georgia
65th Georgia
3rd Georgia Battalion
2nd Battalion Georgia Sharpshooters

Maney's Brigade

Lt. Col. Christopher C. McKinney
1st Tennessee
8th Tennessee
16th Tennessee
27th Tennessee
28th Tennessee

Strahl's Brigade

Col. James D. Tillman
4th Tennessee
5th Tennessee
19th Tennessee
24th Tennessee
31st Tennessee
33rd Tennessee
38th Tennessee
41st Tennessee

Vaughan's Brigade

Col. William P. Bishop
11th Tennessee
12th Tennessee
13th Tennessee
29th Tennessee
47th Tennessee
51st Tennessee
52nd Tennessee
154th Tennessee

Department of North Carolina

Gen. Braxton Bragg
(Total Casualties: 740)

Hoke's Division (734)

(From the Army of Northern Virginia)
Maj. Gen. Robert F. Hoke

Clingman's Brigade

Col. William S. Devane (W)
8th North Carolina
31st North Carolina
51st North Carolina
61st North Carolina

Kirkland's Brigade

Brig. Gen. William W. Kirkland
17th North Carolina
42nd North Carolina
66th North Carolina

Hagood's Brigade

Brig. Gen. Johnson Hagood
Contingent of Lt. Col. James H. Rion:
11th South Carolina
21st South Carolina
25th South Carolina
27th South Carolina
7th South Carolina Battalion
Contingent of Lt. Col. John D. Taylor (W):
1st North Carolina Battalion Heavy Artillery
(9th North Carolina Battalion)
36th North Carolina
Adams's Battery (Company D, 13th Battalion, North Carolina Light Artillery)
Contingent of Maj. William A. Holland:
40th North Carolina

Colquitt's Brigade

Col. Charles T. Zachry
6th Georgia
19th Georgia
23rd Georgia
27th Georgia
28th Georgia

North Carolina Junior Reserves Brigade

Col. John H. Nethercutt
70th North Carolina (1st North Carolina JR)
71st North Carolina (2nd North Carolina JR)
72nd North Carolina (3rd North Carolina JR)
20th Battalion North Carolina JR

Artillery

13th Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery (6)
Lt. Col. Joseph B. Starr
Atkins's Battery (Company B)
Dickson's Battery (Company E)

Department of South Carolina, Georgia, & Florida

Hardee's Corps

Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee
(Total Casualties: 526)

Taliaferro's Division (323)

Brig. Gen. William B. Taliaferro

Elliott's Brigade

Brig. Gen. Stephen Elliott Jr. (W)
22nd Georgia Battalion
28th Georgia Battalion (Bonaud's)
2nd South Carolina Heavy Artillery
Hanleiter's Battalion
Gist Guard Artillery

Rhett's Brigade

Col. William Butler
1st South Carolina Infantry (Regulars)
1st South Carolina Heavy Artillery
Lucas' South Carolina Battalion

McLaws's Division (203)

Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws

Conner's Brigade

Brig. Gen. John D. Kennedy
2nd South Carolina
3rd South Carolina
7th South Carolina
8th South Carolina
15th South Carolina
20th South Carolina
3rd South Carolina Battalion

Fiser's Brigade

Col. John C. Fiser
1st Georgia Regulars
2nd Georgia Battalion Reserves
5th Georgia Reserves
6th Georgia Reserves
27th Georgia Battalion

Harrison's Brigade

Col. George P. Harrison
5th Georgia
32nd Georgia
47th Georgia

Hardy's Brigade

Col. Washington Hardy
50th North Carolina
77th North Carolina (7th Senior Reserves)
10th North Carolina Battalion

Blanchard's Brigade

Brig. Gen. Albert G. Blanchard
1st Battalion South Carolina Reserves
2nd Battalion South Carolina Reserves
6th Battalion South Carolina Reserves
7th Battalion South Carolina Reserves
Kay's Company, South Carolina Reserves

Battalion Artillery

Maj. A. Burnet Rhett
LeGardeur's Battery
H. M. Stuart's Battery (Beaufort Light Artillery)

Cavalry Command

Lt. Gen. Wade Hampton
(Total Casualties: 113)

Wheeler's Corps (61)

Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler
(Army of Tennessee)

Humes's Division

Col. Henry M. Ashby

T. Harrison's Brigade

Col. Baxter Smith
3rd Arkansas Cav.
4th Tennessee Cav.
8th Texas Cav.
11th Texas Cav.

Ashby's Brigade

Lt. Col. James H. Lewis
1st Tennessee Cav.
2nd Tennessee Cav.
5th Tennessee Cav.
9th Tennessee Battalion

Allen's Division

Brig. Gen. William W. Allen

Hagan's Brigade

Col. D. G. White
1st Alabama Cav.
3rd Alabama Cav.
9th Alabama Cav.
12th Alabama Cav.
51st Alabama Cav.
53rd Alabama Cav.
24th Alabama Battalion

Anderson's Brigade

Brig. Gen. Robert H. Anderson
3rd Confederate Cav.
8th Confederate Cav.
10th Confederate Cav.
5th Georgia Cav.

Dibrell's Division

Col. George G. Dibrell

Dibrell's Brigade

Col. William S. McLemore
4th Tennessee (McLemore's) Cav.
13th Tennessee Cav.
Shaw's Tennessee Battalion

Breckinridge's Brigade (formerly Lewis's)

Col. W. C. P. Breckinridge
1st Kentucky Cav.
2nd Kentucky Cav.
9th Kentucky Cav.
2nd Kentucky Mounted Infantry
4th Kentucky Mounted Infantry
5th Kentucky Mounted Infantry
6th Kentucky Mounted Infantry
9th Kentucky Mounted Infantry

Butler's Division (45)

(From the Army of Northern Virginia)
Maj. Gen. M. C. Butler
Brig. Gen. Evander M. Law

Young's Brigade

Col. Gilbert J. Wright
10th Georgia Cav.
Cobb's Georgia Legion
Jeff Davis Legion
Phillips's Georgia Legion

Butler's Brigade

Brig. Gen. Evander M. Law
Brig. Gen. Thomas M. Logan
4th South Carolina Cav.
5th South Carolina Cav.
6th South Carolina Cav.

Horse Artillery

Earle's South Carolina Battery
Hart's (Halsey's) South Carolina Battery (7)

Notes

¹ From Bradley, Mark L. Last Stand in the Carolinas: The Battle of Bentonville and Moore, Mark A. Moore's Historical Guide to the Battle of Bentonville. Campbell, Cal.: Savas Publishing Company, 1996, 1997. Used with permission. Return

² Casualty figures appear as officially reported, and are thus subject to minor inaccuracies. Return

³ Regiments, battalions, and batteries are listed individually to credit all units represented on the field of battle. By March 1865 many of these depleted and campaign-weary entities were consolidated, with some brigades having two or more units combined under a single commander. Thus Bentonville-specific command structures at the regimental level cannot be determined in every case. Return


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